Displacement of bathyplectes curculionis thoms. hymenoptera ichneumonidae by bathypledes anurus thoms. in eastern ontario canada populations of the alfalfa weevil hypera postica gyll. coleoptera curculionidae

Harcourt, D.G.

Canadian Entomologist 122(7-8): 641-646

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-347X
Accession: 007217426

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Abstract
Bathyplectes anurus (Thoms.) has displaced B. curculionis (Thoms.) as the main larval parasitoid in populations of the alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica (Gyll.), in eastern Ontario [Canada]. Following its belated spread to the Bay of Quinte dairy belt, it used a combination of r and K strategies to assert its superiority: a greater reproductive capacity, more rapid search and handling, and more aggressive behaviour. Also, it is not subject to encapsulation by the host and reduces direct competition with the entomopathogenic fungus Zoophthora phytonomi (Arthur) by laying its eggs in older hosts that have a greater probability of escaping death from disease. Taken together, these factors have enabled it to perform better than B. curculionis and to displace it in the host-parasitoid community. Moreover, it may have the potential to stabilize weevil populations during years when the fungus is enzootic.