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Distinct autophosphorylation sites sequentially produce autonomy and inhibition of the multifunctional calcium calmodulin dependent protein kinase



Distinct autophosphorylation sites sequentially produce autonomy and inhibition of the multifunctional calcium calmodulin dependent protein kinase



Journal of Neuroscience 9(6): 2020-2032



The multifunctional Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (multifunctional CaM kinase) may be an important mediator for neurotransmitters and hormones that utilize Ca2+ as a "second messenger." We examined the ability of autophosphorylation to convert the multifunctional CaM kinase to a Ca2+/calmodulin-independent (autonomous) form to determine whether autophosphorylation is a mechanism for short- or long-term enhancement of Ca2+ action. As the kinase incorporates phosphate during continuous stimulation by Ca2+/calmodulin, its ability to phosphorylate exogenous substrates becomes increasingly autonomous. Withdrawal of Ca2+ after a critical level of phosphate incorporation is reached leads to a "burst" or rapid increase in Ca2+-independent autophosphorylation. The "burst" of autophosphorylation is distinct from the initial Ca2+-dependent autophosphorylation, however, since it inhibits substrate phosphorylation. Both Ca2+-dependent and Ca2+-independent substrate phosphorylation are inhibited by this autonomous autophosphorylation. Thus, autophosphorylation has a dual role in modulating the activity of multifunctional CaM kinase. It initially enables the kinase to continue phosphorylating substrates after Ca2+ levels decline, but it eventually suppresses this autonomous activity. Tryptic phosphopeptide mapping demonstrates that appearance of phosphothreonine-containing peptides is common to several conditions used to generate an autonomous enzyme. Sequencing reveals the critical "autonomy" site to be threonine286. The inhibitory mode of autophosphorylation involves 3 additional phosphopeptides containing a serine and a threonine residue.

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Accession: 007218723

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