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Distinction between Hypoxanthine and Xanthine Transport in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Distinction between Hypoxanthine and Xanthine Transport in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Plant Physiology 95(1): 126-130

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells consumed hypoxanthine and xanthine by means of active systems which promoted purine intracellular accumulation against a high concentration gradient. Both uptake and accumulation were also observed in mutant strains lacking xanthine dehydrogenase activity. Xanthine and hypoxanthine uptake systems exhibited very similar Michaelis constants for transport and pH values, and both systems were induced by either hypoxanthine or xanthine. However, they differed greatly in the length of the lag phase before uptake induction, which was longer for hypoxanthine than for xanthine. Cells grown on ammonium and transferred to hypoxanthine media consumed xanthine before hypoxanthine, whereas cells transferred to xanthine media did not take up hypoxanthine until 2 hours after commencing xanthine consumption. Metabolic and photosynthetic inhibitors such as 2,4-dinitrophenol, 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethyl urea, and carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone inhibited to a different extent the hypoxanthine and xanthine uptake. Similarly, N-ethylmaleimide abolished xanthine uptake but slightly affected that of hypoxanthine. Hypoxhanthine consumption was inhibited by adenine and guanine whereas that of xanthine was inhibited only by urate. We conclude that hypoxanthine and xanthine in C. reinhardtii are taken up by different active transport systems which work independently of the intracellular enzymatic oxidation of these purines.

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Accession: 007218962

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PMID: 16667938

DOI: 10.1104/pp.95.1.126

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