Distribution of iron on lake banyoles spain in relation to the ecology of purple and green sulfur bacteria
Garcia Gil, L.J.; Sala Genoher, L.; Esteva, J.V.; Abella, C.A.
Hydrobiologia 192(2-3): 259-270
ISSN/ISBN: 0018-8158 DOI: 10.1007/bf00006020
The distribution of iron both in suspended sediment and in the water column has been studied during summer stratification in Lake Banyoles. In this lake, near bottom springs, a very fine material 'suspended sediment' remains in suspension. Dissolved Fe2+ in interstitial water of this suspended sediment, is related to redox potential and to the bottom water inflow. In the water column, soluble iron is present in the hypolimnion of the six different basins forming Lake Banyoles. Under those conditions Fe2+ is partially removed by sulfide produced in the anoxic sediment. In addition, a peak of Fe2+ found at the density gradient level in basins C-III, C-IV and C-VI. A three compartment model on the dynamics of the processes involving iron in Lake Banyoles is proposed. The bottom springs supply oxygen to the anoxic hypolimnion affecting chemical processes of the iron cycle. The presence of phototrophic sulfur bacteria in the anoxic monimolimnion of basins C-III and C-IV can be related to the kinetics of Fe2+ and sulfide. In C-III sulfide concentration exceeds Fe2+ concentraction whereas in C-IV sulfide is not detectable and iron reached values up to 60 mM. The presence of phototrophic sulfur bacteria in iron-containing environments with no detectable sulfide is explained by the ability of such microorganisms to use FeS as electron donor instead of H2S.