Diversity of land use in the buffer zone of the gunung leuser national park achin indonesia and the consequences to its management

Syarief Mukhtar, A.; Pratiwi

Buletin Penelitian Hutan 509: 1-16


Accession: 007223486

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This report describes the extent and diversity of land use in the buffered area of the Gunung Leuser National Park. The aim of the survey is to collect informations about the biophysical environment, socio-economic conditions and cultural habits of the local indigenous people. Informations were gathered on the physical environment in the buffer zone, socio-economic conditions and its development potential. Data from the survey on the bio-physical conditions which include topography, vegetation and climate are presented. Informations of the socio-economic conditions involving land use preferences, income, population growth and pressure were obtained by interviewing the local land users. Respondents were picked purposively on a 2% sample in the Langkat and Southeast Achin regencies. The results of the survey showed, there exists a great variety of land uses in the buffer zone of the Gunung Leuser National Park; for the greater part the lands are converted into plantations or cleared for shifting cultivation and rice paddies. The increasing pressure on the land from higher population densities makes the physical state of lands in the buffer zone more crucial. One of the probable consequences is destruction of woodland in the nature reserve zone where legally no hunting or clearing are permitted.