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Effect of calmodulin on sarcoplasmic reticular calcium transport in the aging heart



Effect of calmodulin on sarcoplasmic reticular calcium transport in the aging heart



Molecular & Cellular Biochemistry 85(1): 75-80



Heart failure is common among the elderly and an alteration in myocardial Ca2+ transport is believed to be involved in its depressed contractile performance. Although ATP-dependent sarcoplasmic reticular (SR) Ca2+ transport has been reported to decrease in old hearts, virtually nothing appears to be known about the Ca2+ pump activity of SR in aging myocardium in the presence of calmodulin, one of its endogenous activators. In this study, the activity of the Ca2+ pump of aging cardiac SR was assessed in the presence of this endogenous stimulator. This assessment was therefore designed to give additional information about the status of this enzyme in old hearts. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used and were divided into 3 groups: young (4-6 months old); middle-aged (15-17 months old) and old age (24-25 months old). Purified SR membranes were isolated from ventricular tissues. ATP-dependent Ca2+ accumulation by membrane vesicles of middle-aged and old hearts was significantly depressed in comparison to young heats at all Ca2+ concentration employed in the absence and presence of calmodulin. The activity of this Ca2+ transporter was similar in middle-aged and old hearts even in the presence of calmodulin. These results suggest that the activity of the Ca2+ pump in SR of aging hearts is depressed even in the presence of calmodulin.

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