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Effect of sowing date fertilizer and insecticide on nodule damage by sitona crinitus herbst coleoptera curculionidae and yield of lentil lens culinaris medik. in northern syria

Effect of sowing date fertilizer and insecticide on nodule damage by sitona crinitus herbst coleoptera curculionidae and yield of lentil lens culinaris medik. in northern syria

Zeitschrift fuer Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz 99(2): 174-181

The effect of early (November) and late (January) sowing, and the application fo carbofuran (5% G, 20 kg/ha) and fertilizer on nodule damage by Sitona crinitus and yield of lentil was studied between 1986 and 1989 in on-farm trials at several locations differing in rainfall in northern Syria. In all years, nodule damage was significantly higher in early-sown (42 to 75% damage) than in late-sown lentils (24 to 34% damage). Yield increased in early sowing. Carbofuran application significantly reduced nodule damage and increased lentil grain and straw yield up to 21 and 27%, respectively. Yield increases due to carbofuran application were generally higher in early than in latw sown crop except in a season with > 390 mm rainfall, when the increases in both dates were similar. Yield increases due to Sitona control were related to % nodule damage in the absence of carbofuran. The percentage of total nodules damaged (y) showed a curvilinear relationship with the total seasonal precipitation (mm) (x) described by the equation y = 206.02-0.79921x + 0.00094x2 (R2 = 0.73). Application of 50 kg/ha N along with 50 kg/ha P2O5 did not affect nodulation, nodule damage and seed yield but increased biological yield significantly.

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