Effects of artificially enhanced levels of ascorbate and glutathione on the enzymes monodehydroascorbate reductase dehydroascorbate reductase and glutathione reductase in spinach spinacia oleracea

Hausladen, A.; Kunert, K.J.

Physiologia Plantarum 79(2): 384-388

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 0031-9317
DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1990.tb06757.x
Accession: 007268866

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Abstract
Effects of high intracellular concentrations of the antioxidants ascorbate and glutathione on the extractable activity of the reducing enzymes dehydroascorbate reductase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, and glutathione reductase were investigated with spinach cells (Spinacia oleracea). An elevated ascorbate concentration was obtained by treatment with the ascorbate biosynthesis precursor L-galactono-1,4-lactone (GAL). To increase the intracellular level of glutathione, cells were treated with the 5-oxo-L-proline analog L-2-oxothiazolidin-4-carboxylate (OTC), or with the peroxidative herbicide acifluorfen (sodium 5-[2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy]-2-nitrobenzoic acid). Extractable monodehydroascorbate reductase activity increased in the presence of a high level of ascorbate or glutathione, and enzyme activity was at maximum when cells were treated with acifluorfen + OTC, or acifluorfen + GAL. Extractable dehydroascorbate reductase activity decreased when the intracellular concentration of glutathione was high and non-enzymatic reduction of dehydroascorbate by glutathione was the dominant reaction. Maximal decrease of enzyme activity was found in cells treated with acifluorfen + OTC. Extractable activity of glutathione reductase (GR) increased after treatment of cells with acifluorfen alone, or acifluorfen + OTC, but enzyme activity was unaffected by a high intracellular concentration of glutathione obtained by treatment of cells with OTC alone, or by treatment with acifluorfen + GAL. The degree of GR activation seemed to be controlled by several factors including inhibition by a high concentration of glutathione and possibly oxidative damage to the enzyme. Overall, the enzymes tested in this study, which provide the reduced forms of ascorbate and glutathione, were differently by high antioxidant levels.

Effects of artificially enhanced levels of ascorbate and glutathione on the enzymes monodehydroascorbate reductase dehydroascorbate reductase and glutathione reductase in spinach spinacia oleracea