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Effects of dietary fibers on growth performance development of internal organs protein and energy utilization and lipid content of growing chicks



Effects of dietary fibers on growth performance development of internal organs protein and energy utilization and lipid content of growing chicks



Japanese Poultry Science 29(2): 106-114



In the present experiment, semi-purified diets containing 10% of either cellulose, pectin, alginic acid or finely ground rice straw as a dietary fiber were given ad libitum to 1-week-old White Leghorn male chicks for 3 weeks, and the effects of such fibers on chick growth and feed efficiency, development of internal organs, utilization of protein and energy, and lipid content in the body were investigated. The intake of the pectin diet was very low compared with that of the other diets, and this resulted in lower body weight gain and lower feed efficiency. Relative growth rate of internal organs (length or weight on body weight basis) was also influenced by pectin feeding. The length of esophagus, the weight of crop, both the length and weight of duodenum, small intestine, ceca and rectum were increased by pectin feeding. Alginic acid also increased the length and weight of small intestine, ceca and rectum, but the extent was less than that of pectin. The weights of gizzard and liver were increased by rice straw feeding. The weights of esophagus, proventriculus, heart, pancreas and spleen were not different between the treatments. Retention rates of dry matter, energy and nitrogen of the pectin group were inferior to those of the other groups, and this might be due not only to low feed intake but to low utilization of the nutrients. Levels of phospholipids and total cholesterol in carcass, liver and blood plasma, and of triglyceride level in carcass was lowered by pectin feeding.

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