Effects of ryanodine on the spike after-hyperpolarization in sympathetic neurones of the rat superior cervical ganglion

Kawai, T.; Watanabe, M.

Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology 413(5): 470-475

1989


ISSN/ISBN: 0031-6768
PMID: 2544853
Accession: 007283910

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Abstract
Effects of ryanodine on sympathetic neurones of the rat superior cervical ganglion were investigated by means of intracellular recording. Ryanodine (1 .mu.M) significantly shortened the after-hyperpolarization (AH) following the spike evoked by current injection or pre-ganglionic stimulation without affecting the configuration of the spikes. The shortening of AH caused by ryanodine was dose-dependent at concentrations between 0.1 and 1 .mu.M and was slowly recovered by washing the tissue over 1 h. A partial inhibition of the apamin-sensitive slow component of AH was the maximal effect obtained at 1 .mu.M. Although the input membrane resistance was not changed, ryanodine evoked repetitive discharges at long intervals in response to long depolarizing current pulses appllied across the cell membrane. Ryanodine (5 .mu.M) did not depress the Ca-spike but shortened the following AH in a lesser degree than that following the normal spike. Spontaneous small fluctuations of the resting membrane potential were occasionally observed under normal conditions. They were facilitated by caffeine abolished by ryanodine. Caffeine also enhanced the slow component of the AH but did not affect it in the presence of ryanodine. These results that ryanodine inhibits Ca release from intracellular store sites. The released Ca may contribute to generating the long-lasting AH and to regulating the excitability of rat sympathetic neurones.