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Effects of the duration and timing of dietary methyl parathion exposure on bobwhite reproduction



Effects of the duration and timing of dietary methyl parathion exposure on bobwhite reproduction



Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 9(12): 1473-1480



Two northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) reproduction tests were conducted concurrently to evaluate how the duration and time of initiation of methyl parathion exposure affected dose-response relationships of reproductive parameters. In the long-term exposure test, pairs of adult bobwhite were fed methyl parathion-amended diets (0, 7, 10, 14, 20 or 28 ppm) for 25 weeks: 10 weeks prior to the onset of laying, 6 weeks as they came into laying condition and 9 weeks during egg laying. In the short-term exposure test, quail received amended diets (0, 10, 14, 20, 28 or 40 ppm) for only three weeks during the egg laying period, followed by a three-week posttreatment period. Fourteen birds died in the long-term test, compared to two in the short-term test. Significant dose-related reductions in daily food consumption, egg production and the number of 14-d-old chicks were observed in both tests during the treatment periods. No dose-related effects on fertility, hatchability or chick weights were detected. In the long-term test, there were dose-related decreases in adult body weight, brain and serum cholinesterase activity and female serum calcium concentrations. Cholinesterase and calcium were not measured in the short-term test. Eggshell weights were significantly decreased in both tests, but a dose-related decrease in eggshell strength and thickness was detected only in the short-term test. During the posttreatment period of the short-term test, no dose-related effects on reproductive parameters were observed, except that egg production did not recover until the third week after treatment. Except for the number of adult mortalities, all dose-related effects observed in the long-term exposure test also were observed in the short-term test. The short-term test design had two advantages that reduced variability unrelated to the chemical treatments: infertile and incompatible pairs could be removed from the experiment and pretreatment values could be obtained to serve as controls for each pair.

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Accession: 007286685

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DOI: 10.1002/etc.5620091206


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