Elicitation of the hypersensitive response by pseudomonas syringae

Hutcheson, S.W.; Collmer, A.; Baker, C.J.

Physiologia Plantarum 76(2): 155-163


ISSN/ISBN: 0031-9317
DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1989.tb05625.x
Accession: 007296424

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The hypersensitive response (HR), a rapid local necrosis accompanied by the production of antimicrobial compounds, is a manifestation of the primary defense mechanisms through which plants prevent colonization by potentially pathogenic microoragnisms. The pathogen factors that trigger HR-associated defense mechansims have yet to be established. Application of transposon mutgenesis and molecular cloning techniques have provided new insights into the bacterial elicitation of the HR. This review focuses on the interaction of Pseudomonas syringae with non-host plants as a model system for the bacterial induction of the HR and discusses (a) the genetics of Pseudomonas syringae pathogenicity and HR elicitation, (b) the enviromental conditions controlling expression of Pseudomonas syrinage pathogenicity/HR determinants, (c) the nature of the HR elicitor and (d) early plant resposnes to the pathogen.

Elicitation of the hypersensitive response by pseudomonas syringae