Section 8
Chapter 7,332

Experimental lethal infection of Leptospira interrogans in mice treated with cyclophosphamide

Masuzawa, T.; Hashiguchi, Y.; Nakamura, R.; Suzuki, R.; Shimizu, T.; Iwamoto, Y.; Morita, T.; Yanagihara, Y.

Canadian Journal of Microbiology 37(4): 312-315


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4166
PMID: 1913341
DOI: 10.1139/m91-048
Accession: 007331741

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After preadministration of cyclophosphamide (300 mg/kg), BALB/c mice were lethally infected with Leptospira interrogans serovar lai and a virulent strain of Leptospira interrogans serovar copenhageni, and lepotospiral cells were detected in both kidneys of infected mice by indirect immunofluorescent assay. Nonpathogenic leptospirae, Leptospira biflexa serovar patoc, Leptonema illini, and an avirulent strain of L. interrogans serovar copenhageni, were not parasitic to the mice treated with cyclophosphamide. The cyclophosphamide-treated mice were protected from the homologous leptospiral infection by passive immunization with anti-leptospiral monoclonal antibody or with rabbit antiserum and by active immunization with lyophilized organisms or with protective antigen. The results of active immunization in mice treated with cyclophopshamide agreed well with those in nontreated hamsters, which were sensitive to the organisms. Futhermore, these experiments were reproducible with any lot of cyclophosphamide used. These results indicated that cyclophosphamide-treated mice can be used in the experimental infection of Leptospira in place of hamsters or guinea pigs.

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