Feeding ecology of the lantern fish benthosema glaciale in a subarctic region

Sameoto, D.

Polar Biology 9(3): 169-178

1989


ISSN/ISBN: 0722-4060
DOI: 10.1007/bf00297172
Accession: 007346662

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Abstract
The myctophid, Benthosema glaciale, was found to occur in the region of Davis Strait [Canada], but not in northern Baffin Bay. The factors that limited its northern range were believed to be the cold temperature and the long periods of day light in Baffin Bay. During the day B. glaciale was found at a depth of between 300 and 900 m with the population concentrating at about 500 m. At night about 46% of the population migrated to the upper 65 m to feed on copepods, primarily Calanus finmarchicus stage V and C. hyperboreus stage IV for which they showed a high degree of selectivity. The weight of stomach contents of fish with 100% full stomachs was equal to about 3% of their body weight. Feeding occurred mainly at night in the upper layers above the coldest layer of water with a temperature of about 0.5.degree. C. The biomass of zooplankton and myctophids m-2 were similar to those for these groups on the Nova Scotia slope during June. The fish fed on the same size range of prey in Davis Strait as on the Nova Scotia slope even though the zooplankton species composition was different in the two regions.

Feeding ecology of the lantern fish benthosema glaciale in a subarctic region