Fmet leu phe induced activation of phospholipase d in human neutrophils dependence on changes in cytosolic free calcium concentration and relation with respiratory burst activation

Kessels, G.C.R.; Roos, D.; Verhoeven, A.J.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(34): 23152-23156


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
Accession: 007356003

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In this study, we have investigated the Ca2+ requirements for the activation of phospholipase D by the tripeptide fMet-Leu-Phe (fMLP) in human neutrophils. EGTA inhibited the activation of phospholipase D (PLD) by 55% (n = 4). When the initial transient rise in [Ca2+]i was prevented by loading the cells with limited amounts of the Ca2+ chelator 1,2-bis(O-amino-phenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid acetoxymethyl ester (BAPTA/AM), PLD activation was inhibited by 92% (n = 4). In the presence of both chelators, PLD activation was only 4% of control. In electropermeabilized neutrophils, too, the activation of PLD after the addition of fMLP strongly depends on the Ca2+ concentration, being almost absent with 100 nM free Ca2+ present and reaching maximum activation with a free [Ca2+] of 500 nM. We subsequently investigated the relationship between PLD activation and the activation of the respiratory burst. In neutrophils loaded with BAPTA/AM (10 .mu.M), in which PLD activation was almost absent, a respiratory burst could be induced by fMLP, albeit with a much longer lag time. A respiratory burst could also be elicited by fMLP in electropermeabilized neutrophils incubated with 100 nM free Ca2+. This response, however, was strongly enhanced in the presence of 1 .mu.M Ca2+. Our results indicate that changes in [Ca2+]i are essential for the activation of PLD by fMLP, but probably do not constitute the sole activation signal. In addition, our data provide evidence that PLD activation is important, but not necessary, for activation of the neutrophil respiratory burst.