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High frequencies of fertilization and haploid seedling production in crosses between commercial hexaploid wheat varieties and maize


High frequencies of fertilization and haploid seedling production in crosses between commercial hexaploid wheat varieties and maize



Plant Breeding 106(3): 182-189



ISSN/ISBN: 0179-9541

DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0523.1991.tb00499.x

Nineteen commercial hexaploid wheat varieties were crossed with the maize F1 hybrid 'Seneca 60'. Fertilization frequencies ranged from 32.1% to 47.5% of pollinated florets (mean 39.5%) in the 14 winter wheat varieties and from 40.7% to 51.4% (mean 47.8%) in the five spring wheat varieties. In some cases only an endosperm was formed and the frequencies of embryo formation were therefore slightly lower, being 28.2% to 45.9% (mean 36.4%) for winter wheats and 39.8% to 48.6% (mean 45.1%) for spring wheats. Mean values were significantly higher in the spring wheats but no significant variation was found between varieties within the spring or winter categories. In the five spring wheats the mean yield of embryos, and hence the potential yield of haploid plants, was 3.4-fold higher than with the tetraploid Hordeum bulbosum clone PB179. For the 14 winter wheats the figure was 10.9-fold higher. These differences were highly significant (p < 0.001) in all varieties. A single 2,4-D treatment given to spikes one day after pollination with maize enabled embryos to be recovered from all 19 varieties. A total of 311 embryos were recovered from 950 florets (an average of 7.3 embryos per spike) of which 191 germinated, giving an average yield of one haploid plant for every 5.0 florets pollinated (4.4 haploid plants per spike).

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Accession: 007398637

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