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Hime habu trimeresurus okinavensis bites in okinawa japan during last 4 years 1985 1988

Araki, Y.; Tomihara, Y.

Snake 21(2): 103-107

1989


Accession: 007401187

During 4 years from 1985 to 1988, 73 cases of bites by hime-habu (Trimeresurus okinavensis) were reported in Okinawa. The average morbidity rate per 10,000 population was 0.17. During 7 months from April to October 49 cases (67.1%) of bites occurred. 54 cases (74.0%) of bites occurred in the daytime from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. and 19 cases (26.0%) were at night from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. Sixty one point six per cent of bites occurred in agricultural field, 26.0 per cent in the residence and 5.5 per cent on the road. All of the bites occurred on extremities; 26.0 per cent on lower extremities and 74.0 per cent on upper extremities. Among the parts of lower extremities, 57.9 per cent of bites occurred on feet and 21.1 per cent on toes. Among the parts of upper extremities, 81.5 per cent of bites were seen on fingers and 18.5 per cent on hands. Bites during farming were most frequent, accounting for a majority of the whole daily activities, i.e., (68.5%). The highest incidence of bites was seen in the ages of sixties (23.3%), although the ages of bites were widely distributed from one to eighties. The number of bites in male-group was slightly higher than those in female-group. As for treatment, Habu antivenom was used for 53 cases (72.6%). The days required for treatment were almost less than a week. There were no fatal cases.

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