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Human peripheral lymphocyte growth regulation and response to phorbol esters is linked to synthesis and phosphorylation of the cytosolic protein, prosolin

Human peripheral lymphocyte growth regulation and response to phorbol esters is linked to synthesis and phosphorylation of the cytosolic protein, prosolin

Journal of Immunology 143(3): 956-963

Prosolin is a major cytosolic protein (Mr 18400, isoelectric point 5.9) first reported in HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells. It is rapidly phosphorylated (15 to 30 min) in response to TPA treatment as an early event in a sequence that leads to cessation of cell proliferation and to differentiation of promyelocytes into monocytes. In our study we examined the expression of prosolin in human peripheral lymphocytes and investigated the effects of TPA treatment on prosolin phosphorylation and on lymphocyte proliferation. Prosolin was not expressed in resting PBL but was induced after 24 to 36 h of PHA stimulation, simultaneously with induction of DNA synthesis. In rapidly proliferating (IL-2 dependent) PBL prosolin was a major cytosolic component, comprising 0.5% of total cytosolic protein, of which approximately 28% was phosphorylated. Expression of prosolin decreased again when either mitogen-induced or IL-2-dependent proliferation diminished during extended periods in culture. Thus, expression of prosolin is correlated with periods when PBL are cycling through S-phase. TPA treatment of IL-2-dependent PBL at the peak of their growth caused phosphorylation of about two-thirds of preexisting unphosphorylated prosolin within 1 h. This was accompanied by cessation of cell proliferation, as indicated by measurements of TdR incorporation. Although TPA has well known mitogenic effects in lymphocytes during initial activation, this result shows that it exerts an antiproliferative effect in rapidly dividing PBL. It is suggested that increased phosphorylation of prosolin may be an initiating event in the antiproliferative response to TPA, which would occur only in proliferating lymphocytes expressing prosolin.

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Accession: 007410768

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PMID: 2745978

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