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Impact on routine diagnosis of echovirus infections of intratypic differentiation and antigenic variation in echovirus type 25 studied by using monoclonal antibodies

Impact on routine diagnosis of echovirus infections of intratypic differentiation and antigenic variation in echovirus type 25 studied by using monoclonal antibodies

Journal of Clinical Microbiology 28(10): 2291-2296

We studied the biological and antigenic properties of wild strains of echovirus type 25 isolated in France between 1982 and 1987 and compared them with the JV-4 prototype strain isolated in 1957. The wild strains differed from the prototype strain in their cellular tropism. The prototype strain grew readily in five cell lines (MRC5, MA 104, Vero, BGM, and HT 29-18), while for wild strains MRC5 and HT 29-18 cells were the most sensitive and supported growth to high titers (between 4.5 and 7.4 50% tissue culture infective doses per 0.05 ml). Plaques produced by wild strains were larger (6.05 .+-. 0.94 mm in diameter [mean .+-. standard deviation]) than those of the prototype strain (2.3 .+-. 0.97 mm in diameter) and heterogeneous, even after cloning by three terminal dilution passages, which suggested heterogeneous virus populations. Virus neutralization with polyclonal monovalent sera showed that wild strains were significantly less neutralized by two reference immune sera than the prototype strain was. Monoclonal antibodies were raised against the echovirus type 25 JV-4 prototype strain. Nine clones with neutralizing activity were identified. Heterologous neutralizations of 14 clinical isolates revealed highly conserved, moderately conserved, and poorly conserved epitopes. The natural isolates differed from the prototype strain in two or four epitopes and can be classified into four different groups. We concluded that echovirus type 25, like coxsackie- and polioviruses, consists of heterogeneous viral populations with respect to biological and antigenic properties. In terms of viral diagnosis, it may become increasingly difficult to identify recently isolated strains because of their antigenic variation.

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Accession: 007433106

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PMID: 2229354

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