In vitro and in situ studies on nitrate disappearance in water sediment systems of the camargue southern france

E.H.br H.; Golterman, H.L.

Hydrobiologia 192(2-3): 223-232

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 0018-8158
DOI: 10.1007/bf00006017
Accession: 007437615

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Abstract
Results of in vitro and in situ experiments on nitrate disappearance from water-sediment systems in the Camargue are described. In the in vitro experiments two factors were studied: temperature and organic matter. After a first addition of KNO3 to these sediments, the concentration of organic matter exerted a strong influence on the disappearance rate of nitrate at 25.degree. C and 15.degree. C but not at 2.degree. C. After a second addition of nitrate at 25.degree. C and 15.degree. C the denitrification rate increased by approximately 10%, probably because the activity of the bacterial population had increased. Experiments in situ in freshwater temporary marshes showed that nitrate disappeared at approximately twice the rate at similar temperature in vitro. After the first addition of nitrate in the in vitro experiments the concentration of nitrite in the water above the sediment reached about 10% of the concentration of total dissolved inorganic nitrogen at 2.degree. C and 15.degree. C. these high concentrations were not found after the first addition at 25.degree. C or after the second addition of nitrate at 25.degree. C and 15.degree. C. In the in situ experiments, however, high concentrations of nitrite were found.

In vitro and in situ studies on nitrate disappearance in water sediment systems of the camargue southern france