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In vitro capacitation and fertilizing ability of ejaculated rabbit sperm treated with lysophosphatidylcholine

In vitro capacitation and fertilizing ability of ejaculated rabbit sperm treated with lysophosphatidylcholine

Gamete Research 22(2): 131-141

Four experiments were replicated 1) to establish dose-response relationships between lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), sperm motility, and the acrosome reaction (AR), 2) to evaluate the influence of rabbit serum (RS) on these endpoints, 3) to compare buck differences in induction of the AR, and 4) to examine fertilizing ability in vitro of sperm tested under the first three objectives. Semen was collected from Dutch-belted rabbits, washed once by centrifugation, resuspended, and preincubated for 2 or 4 hr in a chemically defined medium (DM), DM plus 20% RS, or BSA-free DM plus 20% RS at 37 degrees C. At the end of preincubation LPC was added to the preincubated sperm at concentrations of from 0 to 100 micrograms/ml. Sperm were examined .5-4 hr later for AR and sperm motility. For in vitro fertilization, sperm and ova were coincubated in DM up to 24 hr after insemination and in a more complex medium for another 24 hr. Addition of LPC to 4-hr-preincubated sperm was more effective for inducing the AR than addition to 2-hr-preincubated sperm. A significant increase (P less than .05) in the AR occurred in 15 and 30 min following exposure to 100 and 80 micrograms of LPC per ml, respectively, but the higher concentration of LPC decreased sperm motility. Addition of 20% RS to DM with or without BSA surprisingly inhibited the AR but maintained sperm motility, as expected. Bucks differed (P less than .05) in the initial percentage and the induced percentage of AR sperm. For the AR the optimal concentration of LPC per ml was 80 micrograms, but for in vitro fertilization 60 micrograms tended to be superior.

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Accession: 007438191

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PMID: 2707725

DOI: 10.1002/mrd.1120220203

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