In vitro maturation, fertilization and development of follicular oocytes from buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Totey, S.M.; Singh, G.; Taneja, M.; Pawshe, C.H.; Talwar, G.P.
Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 95(2): 597-607
Cumulus-oocyte complexes, 5596, were cultured for 24 h in either TCM-199 or Ham's F-10 with or without gonadotrophins and supplemented with either 20% buffalo oestrous serum (BES) or fetal calf serum (FCS). The maturation rates of oocytes cultured in TCM-199 or Ham's F-10 medium supplemented with 20% BES were 47.4 +/- 17.8 and 44.8 +/- 25.6, respectively. Addition of luteinizing hormone (LH) (5 micrograms ml-1) significantly improved the maturation rate in the Ham's F-10 medium supplemented with 20% BES (76.8 +/- 18.3), but follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (0.5 micrograms ml-1) and oestradiol (1 microgram ml-1) failed to synergize with LH (71.7 +/- 19.5). In the TCM-199 system, LH failed to enhance the maturation rate but the addition of FSH and oestradiol significantly enhanced the proportion of mature oocytes (42.7 +/- 1.4 and 81.7 +/- 14.5, respectively; P less than 0.05). Frozen-thawed spermatozoa prepared in Bracket and Oliphant (BO) medium and treated with 5 mmol caffeine 1(-1) + 10 micrograms heparin showed a higher fertilization rate (29.8%) than those treated in Hepes-Talp and treated with 10 micrograms heparin ml-1 (19.6%). Fertilization rate was significantly improved when fresh ejaculated spermatozoa treated with 5 mmol caffeine 1-1 and 10 micrograms heparin in BO medium (50%) was used. Rate of cleavage and development were also higher when in vitro fertilization was carried out with fresh ejaculated spermatozoa treated with caffeine and heparin (34.1 and 36.8%, respectively) than with frozen-thawed spermatozoa (27.0 and 22.0%, respectively). Development rate was enhanced when fertilized ova were cultured in ligated rabbit oviduct (28.0%) than when co-cultured on oviductal cell monolayers (8.2%). The results indicate that oocytes cultured in medium supplemented with BES and gonadotrophins reveal high rates of maturation and development to the blastocyst stage after fertilization with fresh ejaculated spermatozoa.