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Influence of method of application of paclobutrazol on soil residues and growth retardation in a starkrimson delicious apple orchard

Influence of method of application of paclobutrazol on soil residues and growth retardation in a starkrimson delicious apple orchard

Plant Growth Regulation 9(1): 27-36

ISSN/ISBN: 0167-6903

DOI: 10.1007/bf00025276

A 3-year field study was conducted to determine the influence of mode of application of the gibberellin-inhibitor paclobutrazol (PP333), [(2RS,3RS)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-4,4-dimethyl-2-(1,2,4 triazol-1-yl)pentan-3-ol], on PP333 soil residue levels and vegetative growth retardation of 10-year-old 'Starkrimson Delicious' (Malus domestica Borkh.) spur-type apple trees. Treatments were applied in March, 1986 and consisted of foliar or soil sprays (200 ppm, 7 .times. applications at petal fall (+) 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks) or a single soil drench (8.2 g A.I./tree) applied to the collar at petal fall. Foliar sprays were applied with and without a plastic ground cover to evaluate the influence of foliar runoff on the degree of soil absorption and its subsequent effect on vegetative growth. PP333 was extracted over a 3 year period (1986-88) from 400 cm2 soil patches located at the drip line of each tree, with the exception of soil drenches which were sampled near the collar. PP333 soil extracts were purified and quantitatively analyzed by HPLC. PP333 soil residue levels following foliar sprays were comparable to the soil spray treatment for each year and decreased at a rate of 50% per year from 1986-1988. Foliar sprays retarded terminal growth in the year of application, whereas the soil spray did not inhibit growth until the following year. PP333 residue levels were highest in the soil drench where growth retardation was evident in 1987 and 1988. The greatest carry-over effect occurred in the soil treatments, especially the soil drench application which resulted in the highest soil residue rates throughout the 3 year period.

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Accession: 007457483

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