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Influence of moisture and oxygen on decay of wood by hypoxylon truncatum

Influence of moisture and oxygen on decay of wood by hypoxylon truncatum

Nippon Kingakukai Kaiho 32(2): 299-302

Hypoxylon truncatum occurs in bed logs of the Shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) and prevents its mycelial growth. Inoculation experiments revealed that H. truncatum is superior in colonization to L. edodes in dry wood, but just the opposite is the case in wet wood. Wood-block decay tests showed H. truncatum caused the greatest weight loss in dry wood, but L. edodes caused the greatest loss in moderately moist wood. Hypoxylon truncatum has the ability to decompose lignin, and its ability is intermediate between white-rot and soft-rot, or brown-rot fungi. It is more tolerant to low-water stress than L. edodes, but less tolerant to anaerobic conditions. The differences in xerotolerance and oxygen requirements between L. edodes and H. truncatum were assumed to influence the colonizations of wood by both fungi.

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