+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Influence of two handwashing frequencies on reduction in colonizing flora with three handwashing products used by health care personnel

Influence of two handwashing frequencies on reduction in colonizing flora with three handwashing products used by health care personnel

American Journal of Infection Control 17(2): 83-92

Four handwashing products (containing either 2% chlorhexidine gluconate, 0.6% parachlorometaxylenol, 0.3% triclosan, or a nonantimicrobial control) at two handwashing frequencies (6 or 18 times/day) were compared with regard to their effectiveness in reducing colonizing hand flora. Eighty adult volunteers were assigned by block randomization to one of the four products and one of the two frequency schedules (n = 10/group) and washed their hands under supervision for 5 consecutive days. There were no significant differences between products in mean log10 colony-forming units after the initial wash (p = 0.61), nor were there significant differences in products after 5 days among subjects washing six times per day. For those who washed 18 times per day, however, the effectiveness of all three antimicrobial soaps was significantly better than that of the control soap (p < 0.05). Chlorhexidine gluconate produced significantly greater reductions than triclosan or parachlorometaxylenol (p < 0.05), which were not significantly different from each other. On the basis of these findings an antimicrobial soap is recommended when handwashing frequency is high and a long-term reduction in colonizing flora is desirable. When handwashing frequency is low (6 times/day), there seems to be less advantage of one product over another, although the use of chlorhexidine gluconate resulted in greater reductions at both high and low handwashing frequencies.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 007460742

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2729661

DOI: 10.1016/s0001-2092(07)66027-x

Related references

Effects of handwashing agent, handwashing frequency, and clinical area on hand flora. American Journal of Infection Control 12(2): 76-82, 1984

An approach for selection of health care personnel handwashing agents. Infection Control 7(8): 419-424, 1986

Study of an alcohol-based handwashing system on handwashing practice in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Pediatric Research 51(4 Part 2): 407A-408A, 2002

Handwashing with soap and national handwashing projects in Korea: focus on the National Handwashing Survey, 2006-2014. Epidemiology and Health 37: E2015039, 2016

Physiologic microbiologic and seasonal effects of handwashing on the skin of health care personnel. American Journal of Infection Control 14(2): 51-59, 1986

Handwashing frequency among various health care personnel in pediatric versus adult critical and special care units. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 89: 480, 1989

Health personnel and handwashing. Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening 109(33): 3476-3477, 1989

Handwashing in 51 Countries: Analysis of Proxy Measures of Handwashing Behavior in Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and Demographic and Health Surveys, 2010-2013. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 97(2): 447-459, 2017

Handwashing frequencies in an intensive care unit. Journal of Hospital Infection 50(1): 36-41, 2002

Factors influencing handwashing behavior of patient care personnel. American Journal of Infection Control 10(3): 93-99, 1982

Is handwashing teachable?: failure to improve handwashing behavior in an urban emergency department. Academic Emergency Medicine 3(4): 360-365, 1996

Community Handwashing Guide: Utilizing Available Resources to Initiate a Handwashing Intervention. World Medical & Health Policy 6(1): 39-50, 2014

Provision versus promotion to develop a handwashing station: the effect on desired handwashing behavior. Bmc Public Health 17(1): 390, 2017

Handwashing, but how? Microbial effectiveness of existing handwashing practices in high-density suburbs of Harare, Zimbabwe. American Journal of Infection Control 45(3): 228-233, 2016

Handwashing machines, handwashing compliance, and potential for cross-contamination. American Journal Of Infection Control. 22(4): 228-230, 1994