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Inheritance of resistance to puccinia coronata avenae and puccinia graminis avenae in an accession of avena sterilis from spain



Inheritance of resistance to puccinia coronata avenae and puccinia graminis avenae in an accession of avena sterilis from spain



Genome 33(2): 198-202



Accessions of wild Avena spp. obtained from the Iberian Peninsula were screened for resistance to oat crown and oat stem rust. Of a number of accessions which showed resistance, A. sterilis accession IB3056 was selected for further genetic analysis because it had combined resistance to both crown and stem rusts and as a hexaploid was readily hybridizable with A. sativa. IB3056 was crossed and backcrossed with the susceptible cultivar 'Makuru' and progeny were anlayzed for segregation to a range of rust races. A single dominant gene conferred resistance to crown rust. The resistance was highly effective against all isolates of Puccinia coronata avenae tested. The crown rust resistance of IB3056 was due either to gene Pc68 or was very closely linked or allelic to Pc68. Seedling plants of the IB3056 parent were susceptible to all isolates of P. graminis avenae tested, but in the adult plant stage they were resistant. All IB3056/2* Makuru progeny also were susceptible to stem rust as seedlings, but BC1F2 adult plants segregated for resistance in ratios indicating a single dominant gene, designated Pg17.

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