Section 8
Chapter 7,467

Inhibition of the accumulation of viral polypeptides in the densonucleosis virus infected midgut of the silkworm bombyx mori reared at a supraoptimal temperature

Kobayashi, M.; Choi, H.

Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 56(1): 117-122


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-2011
DOI: 10.1016/0022-2011(90)90152-v
Accession: 007466063

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Effect of a supraoptimal temperature on the accumulation of viral polypeptides in the midgut was examined by immunoblot analysis in the larvae of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, infected with Bombyx densonucleosis virus type 2. In the larvae reared continuously at 25.degree.C, viral polypeptides were first detected in the midgut at 2 days postinfection (pi) and in the feces at 4 days pi. When the larvae inoculated per os with the virus for 24 hr at 25.degree.C were immediately shifted to 35.degree.C, there were no detectable viral polypeptides in both the midgut and feces throughout the experiment. In the infected larvae shifted from 25.degree. to 35.degree.C at 48 hr pi, viral polypeptides preexisting in the midgut decreased to an undetectable level within 48 hr after the temperature shift, and no viral polypeptides were detected thereafter. Viral polypeptides in the feces of these larvae became detectable at 48 hr (4 days pi) after the temperature shift, as in the larvae at 25.degree.C, and disappeared by 96 hr (6 days pi). These results indicate that a supraoptimal temperature inhibits accumulation of viral polypeptides in the midgut. It is likely that inhibited production of viral polypeptides rather than enhanced discharge of the infected midgut cells is responsible for the inhibited accumulation of viral polypeptides in the midgut at 35.degree.C.

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