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Inhibitory autophosphorylation of multifunctional calcium calmodulin dependent protein kinase analyzed by site directed mutagenesis



Inhibitory autophosphorylation of multifunctional calcium calmodulin dependent protein kinase analyzed by site directed mutagenesis



Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(24): 17216-17224



Initial autophosphorylation of multifunctional Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase) occurs at Thr286 (the "autonomy" site) and converts the kinase from a Ca2+-dependent to a partially Ca2+-independent or autonomous enzyme. After removal of Ca2+/calmodulin, the autonomous kinase undergoes a "burst" of inhibitory autophosphorylation at sites distinct from the autonomy site which may be masked in the presence of bound calmodulin. This burst of Ca2+-independent autophosphorylation blocks the ability of calmodulin to activate the kinase. We have used site-directed mutagenesis to replace putative inhibitory autophosphorylation sites within the calmodulin binding domain of recombinant .alpha.-CaM kinase with nonphosphorylatable alanines and examined the effects on autophosphorylation, kinase activity, and calmodulin binding. Although prominent Ca2+-independent autophosphroylation occurs within the calmodulin binding domain at Thr305, Thr306, and Ser314 in wild-type .alpha.-CaM kinase, the inhibitory effect on kinase activity and calmodulin binding is retained in mutants lacking any one of these three sites. However, when both Thr305 and Thr306 are converted to alanines the kinase does not display inhibition of either activity or calmodulin binding. Autophosphorylation at either Thr305 or Thr306 is therefore sufficient to block both binding and activation of the kinase by Ca2+/calmodulin. Thr306 is also slowly autophosphorylated in a basal reaction in the continuous absence of Ca2+/calmodulin. Autophosphorylation of Thr306 by the kinase in either its basal or autonomous state suggests that in the absence of bound calmodulin, the region of the autoregulatory domain surrounding Thr306, rather than the region near the autonomy site, lies nearest the peptide substrate binding site of the kinase.

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Accession: 007466859

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