Section 8
Chapter 7,472

Integration host factor binds specifically to multiple sites in the ompB promoter of Escherichia coli and inhibits transcription

Tsui, P.; Huang, L.; Freundlich, M.

Journal of Bacteriology 173(18): 5800-5807


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9193
PMID: 1885551
Accession: 007471028

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Escherichia coli integration host factor (IHF) is a DNA-binding protein that participates in gene regulation, site-specific recombination, and other processes in E. coli and some of its bacteriophages and plasmids. In the present study, we showed that IHF is a direct negative effector of the ompB operon of E. coli. Gel retardation experiments and DNase I footprinting studies revealed that IHF binds to three sites in the ompB promoter region. In vitro transcription from ompB promoter fragments was specifically blocked by IHF. In vivo experiments showed that IHF is a negative effector of ompB expression in growing cells. Analysis of IHF binding site mutations strongly suggested that IHF binding in the ompB promoter region is necessary for the negative effects seen in vivo.

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