Section 8
Chapter 7,497

Isozymes as biochemical and cytochemical markers in embryogenic callus cultures of maize (Zea mays L.)

Fransz, P.F.; de Ruijter, N.C.; Schel, J.H.

Plant Cell Reports 8(2): 67-70


ISSN/ISBN: 0721-7714
PMID: 24232986
DOI: 10.1007/bf00716840
Accession: 007496841

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Isozyme analyses were carried out on protein extracts of non-embryogenic and embryogenic callus fromZea mays L., using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. We examined the isozyme patterns of glutamate dehydrogenase, peroxidase and acid phosphatase for their utility as biochemical markers of maize embryogenic callus cultures. These isozyme systems were also used to examine possible correlations between isozymes and different stages of regeneration. The zymograms of peroxidase and glutamate dehydrogenase differed for non-embryogenic and embryogenic callus. Further, some isozymes were correlated with the morphological appearance of the tissue while others seemed to be involved with the duration of the culture period. Using the same enzyme assays on fresh tissue samples we were able to test the three enzymes as cytochemical markers in embryogenic cultures. Glutamate dehydrogenase proved to be most successful to discriminate embryogenic from non-embryogenic cells.

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