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Kinetics of binding of single stranded dna binding protein from escherichia coli to single stranded nucleic acids



Kinetics of binding of single stranded dna binding protein from escherichia coli to single stranded nucleic acids



Biochemistry 29(7): 1744-1749



The time course of the reaction of Escherichia coli single-stranded DNA binding protein (E. coli SSB) with poly(dT) and M13mp8 single-stranded DNA has been measured by fluorescence stopped-flow experiments. For poly(dT), the fluorescence traces follow simple bimolecular behavior up to 80% saturation of the polymer with E. coli SSB. A mechanistic explanation of this binding behavior can be given as follows: (1) E. coli SSB is able to translocate very rapidly on the polymer, forming cooperative clusters. (2) In the rate-limiting step of the association reaction, E. coli SSB is bound to the polymer only by one or two of its four contact sites. As compared to poly(dT), association to single-stranded M13mp8 phage DNA is slower by at least 2 orders of magnitude. We attribute this finding to the presence of secondary structure elements (double-stranded structures) in the natural single-stranded DNA. These structures cannot be broken by E. coli SSB in a fast reaction. In order to fulfill its physiological functionin reasonable time, E. coli SSb must bind newly formed single-stranded DNA immediately. The protein can, however, bind to such pieces of the newly formed single-stranded DNA which are too short to cover all four binding sites of the E. coli SSB tetramer.

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Accession: 007500575

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PMID: 2184887


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