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Leishmaniasis in sardinia vi. further observations on the biology of phlebotomus perniciosus newstead 1911 phlebotomus perfiliewi parrot 1930 and sergentomyia minuta rondani 1843 diptera psychodidae



Leishmaniasis in sardinia vi. further observations on the biology of phlebotomus perniciosus newstead 1911 phlebotomus perfiliewi parrot 1930 and sergentomyia minuta rondani 1843 diptera psychodidae



Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 16(2): 230-244



Observations on the biology of Phlebotomus perniciosus, Phleobotomus perfiliewi, and Sergentomyia minuta were made at a larval breeding site in Soleminis (Cagliari, Sardinia) and in a laboratory colony of P. perniciosus, Sardinian strain. During 1985, a total of 2,223 (95.6%) P. perniciosus emerged; 9 (0.4%) P. perfiliewi and 92 (4.0%) S. minuta were caught from a larval breeding site consisting of an abandoned cement structure inside of which were placed nine emergence traps. Emergence of P. perniciosus lasted about 120 days from June to October. Thus preimagingal stages lasted from about 8 months to 12 months. During 1986, a total of 23,338 (85.1%) P. perniciosus, 1,309 (4.8%) P. perfiliewi, and 2,759 (10.1%) S. minuta was caught in six exit traps placed in the structure's sealed openings. Emergence of the above species lasted 130-150 days. Emergence trends showed a synchronous, temporary decrease at the end of July. Sex ratio largely favoured males, except for S. minuta in 1986. Gravid females were found in all three species indicating facultative autogeny. Data from a laboratory colony of P. perniciosus are given for comparison.

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