Localization of the reflex pathway responsible for the vasodepressor reaction induced by inferior vena caval occlusion and isoproterenol

Waxman, M.B.; Asta, J.A.; Cameron, D.A.

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 70(6): 882-889

1992


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4212
PMID: 1423032
DOI: 10.1139/y92-118
Accession: 007519640

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Abstract
Vasodepressor reactions were induced in 27 rats by a combination of inferior vena caval occlusion and an infusion of isoproterenol. A vasodepressor reaction was defined as paradoxical heart rate slowing during inferior vena caval occlusion. The R-R intervals were measured at 5-s intervals before, during, and after 60 s of inferior vena caval occlusion. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the right and left vagus nerve and the right and left stellate ganglia in this reflex. Under control conditions inferior vena caval occlusion accelerated the rate (R-R, -15.9 .+-. 0.9 ms). During an infusion of isoproterenol (0.5-1.0 .mu.g .cntdot. min-1), inferior vena caval occlusion produced paradoxical rate slowing, i.e., a vasodepressor reaction (R-R, +75.0 .+-. 2.2 ms). The vasodepressor reaction was examined during inferior vena caval occlusion and isoproterenol under the following additional states: atropine and methyl bromide or right vagotomy did not alter the reaction; left vagotomy eliminated the reaction; and right or left stellectomy greatly reduced the vasodepressor reaction. We conclude the following: (1) left vagal afferents mediate the vasodepressor reaction; (2) cardiac sympathetic fibers participate in the vasodepressor reaction by withdrawing efferent tone through the right stellate ganglion, and by generating the afferent signal, which triggers the vasodepressor reaction through the left stellate ganglion.