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Monoclonal antibody to Pneumocystis carinii. Comparison with silver stain in bronchial lavage specimens



Monoclonal antibody to Pneumocystis carinii. Comparison with silver stain in bronchial lavage specimens



American Journal of Clinical Pathology 97(5): 619-624



Monoclonal 3F6 anti-Pneumocystis carinii antibody (MAB-3F6) was used to stain cell blocks from 164 bronchial lavage specimens from patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS-related complex and compared with slides stained with Grocott's modification of the Gomori methenamine silver stain. Pneumocystis organisms were present in 83 of 164 cases using MAB-3F6 stain, whereas Grocott's modified silver stain demonstrated Pneumocystis organisms in 48. MAB-3F6 demonstrated Pneumocystis organisms in 38 cases with negative silver stains, whereas silver stain identified Pneumocystis organisms in only three MAB-3F6-negative cases. Of 70 patients with clinical Pneumocystis pneumonia at the time of the specimen was obtained, 59 had MAB-3F6-positive specimens, whereas 39 had organisms detected using Grocott's modified silver stain. Of 37 patients without clinically apparent Pneumocystis pneumonia any time in their course, 4 had abundant organisms and 33 had negative stains with MAB-3F6. MAB-3F6 detected Pneumocystis organisms in 22 of 31 cases of Pneumocystis pneumonia that had no organisms identified using Grocott's silver stain (X2 = 5.76, P = 0.016). MAB-3F6 immunochemical staining is a more sensitive method than Grocott's modified silver stain to detect Pneumocystis organisms.

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Accession: 007567005

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1374213

DOI: 10.1093/ajcp/97.5.619



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