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Occurrence and detection of ascochyta blight of chickpea plants and field screening of different cultivars to the disease incited by ascochyta rabiei pass. dab

Occurrence and detection of ascochyta blight of chickpea plants and field screening of different cultivars to the disease incited by ascochyta rabiei pass. dab

Egyptian Journal of Phytopathology 21(1): 13-30

Ascochyta blight of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) caused extensive damage to chickpea plants. The fungus Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labrousse was found to be the cause of this disease. It produced brownish lesions on stems, leaves, pods and crown causing severe infection that destroyed the host. The disease occurrence was restricted to regions in the country having a high relative humidity and/or using sprinkler irrigation system. The temperature response of A rabiei revealed that the optimum temperature for growth was 20.degree. C. Spore production and fungal growth were most abundant on chickpea seed-meal medium. Increasing doses of some tested fungicides have progressively reduced fungal growth and sporulation especially those of Delsene. Production of resistant cultivars against the blight disease, especially those of the black-seeded cultivars, could be useful for avoiding the damage caused by the pathogen in the highly infected areas.

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