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Organ culture of human scalp hair follicles: effect of testosterone and oestrogen on hair growth


Organ culture of human scalp hair follicles: effect of testosterone and oestrogen on hair growth



Archives of Dermatological Research 282(7): 442-445



ISSN/ISBN: 0340-3696

PMID: 2078048

DOI: 10.1007/bf00402619

Whole human scalp hair follicles were cultured. The follicles were dissected from skin pieces of normal scalp and put into 1.5 ml of incubation medium in a closed 5 ml glass tube under an atmopshere of 95% O2 and 5% CO2. The tube was rolled at 15 rpm at 36.degree. C. Remarkable hair growth was noticed for 7 to 8 days. Hair root sheaths also grew with the hair shafts. The structure of the hair bulbs was well maintained for at least 6 days, and then the hair matrix cells started to degenerate. Fetal calf serum was not essential for hair growth in vitro, but increased the growth rate slowly. Testosterone and oestrogen inhibited hair growth in vitro to a similar extent. The minimum effective doses of both hormones to suppress hair growth were around 5 ng/ml, which corresponds well to the normal plasma level of testosterone in adult males in vivo, suggesting that scalp hair growth may be critically controlled by testosterone in adult males.

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Accession: 007621331

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