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Postexercise electrocardiographic and clinical changes in patients with sick sinus syndrome

Postexercise electrocardiographic and clinical changes in patients with sick sinus syndrome

Journal of Electrocardiology 22(2): 139-142

Forty patient with sick sinus syndrome, 15 women and 25 men with a mean age of 53.83 .+-. 13.34 years, were studied using a maximal graded bicycle stress test. None of the patients were using a pacemaker or being treated with drugs that would interfer with the sinus node function; one patient had family myocardiopathy and eight suffered from essential hypertension. All patients including those suffereing for very marked bradycardia (< 40 beats/min) responded to those increased effort with increased heart rate. The exericse test was stopped in 22 patients (55%) after the appearance of clinical signs and in 4 (10%) after ST-segment depression > 1 mm. Eight (20%) finished the stress test after reaching the maximal heart rate according to age, due to an increase in sinus rate. The exercise produced or increased extrasystoles in five patients (12.5%), but only one was forced to suspend the test. The Q-T interval, corrected for heart rate according to Bazett's formula (QTc), was measured on the resting ECG before the start of the test and on the ECG recorded immediately following the end of the exercise in all patients, except one with atrial fibrillation. In 24 patients (60%), a QTc mean increase of 0.040 .+-. 0.022 sec was observed at the end of the stress test. Fourteen (35%) had the usual shortening due to the increase in heart rate. One patient showed no variation of the QTc. A lengthening of the QTc at the end of the exercise in more than half of the patients was the most intriguing electrocardiographic change. Further study of the rate-QT relation in patients with sick sinus syndrome is indicated.

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Accession: 007671371

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2708931

DOI: 10.1016/0022-0736(89)90083-6

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