Section 8
Chapter 7,676

Predicted and observed effects of antibody affinity and antigen density on monoclonal antibody uptake in solid tumors

Sung, C.; Shockley, T.R.; Morrison, P.F.; Dvorak, H.F.; Yarmush, M.L.; Dedrick, R.L.

Cancer Research 52(2): 377-384


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-5472
PMID: 1728409
Accession: 007675886

Download citation:  

The uptake and binding of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) in solid tumors after a bolus i.v. injection are described using a compartmental pharmacokinetic model. The model assumes that MAb permeates into tumor unidirectionally from plasma across capillaries and clears from tumor by interstitial fluid flow and that interstitial antibody-antigen interactions are characterized by the Langmuir isotherm for reversible, saturable binding. Typical values for plasma clearance and tumor capillary permeability of a MAb and for interstitial fluid flow and interstitial volume fraction of a solid tumor were used to simulate the uptake of MAbs at various values of the binding affinity or antigen density for a range of MAb doses. The model indicates that at low doses, an increase in binding affinity may lead to an increase in MAb uptake. On the other hand, at doses approaching saturation of antigen or when uptake is permeation limited, an increase in the binding affinity from moderate to high affinity will have only a small effect on increasing MAb uptake. The model also perdicts that an increase in antigen density will greatly increase MAb uptake when uptake is not permeation limited. Our experiments on MAb uptake in melanoma tumors in athymic mice after injection of 20 .mu.g MAb (initial plasma concentration, about 120 mM) are consistent with these model-based conclusions. Two MAbs differing in affinity by more than 2 orders of magnitude (3.8 .times. 108 M-1 and 5 .times. 1010 M-1)but with similar in vivo antigen densities in M21 melanoma attained similar concentrations in the tumor. Two MAbs of similar affinity but having a 3-fold difference in in vivo antigen density in SK-MEL-2 melanoma showed that the MAb targeted to the more highly expressed antigen attained a higher MAb concentration. We also discuss the model predictions in relation to other experiments reported in the literature. The theoretical and experimental findings suggest that, for high dose applications, efforts to increase MAb uptake in a tumor should emphasize the identification of an abundantly expressed antigen on tumor cells more than the selection of a very high affinity Mab.

PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90