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Presence and activity of alkaline phosphatase in two human osteosarcoma cell lines



Presence and activity of alkaline phosphatase in two human osteosarcoma cell lines



Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 37(7): 1069-1074



The presence and activity of alkaline phosphatase in SAOS-2 and TE-85 human osteosarcoma cells grown in culture were examined at the ultrastructural level. A monoclonal antibody raised against purified human bone osteosarcoma alkaline phosphatase was used to localize the enzyme in cultures of the osteosarcoma cells. Similar cultures were analyzed for alkaline phosphatase activity using an enzyme cytochemical method with cerium as the capture agent. Alkaline phosphatase was immunolocalized at the light microscopic level in an osteogenic sarcoma and ultrastructurally on the SAOS-2 cell membrane and the enclosing membrane of extracellular vesicular structures close to the cells. In contrast, the TE-85 cells were characterized by the absence of all but a few traces of immunolabeling at the cell surface. Enzyme cytochemical studies revealed strong alkaline phosphatase activity on the outer surface of the SAOS-2 cell membrane. Much lower enzyme activity was observed in the TE-85 cells. The results support biochemical data from previous studies and confirm that SAOS-2 cells have a significantly greater concentration of alkaline phosphatase at the plasma membrane.

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Accession: 007682258

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2659662

DOI: 10.1177/37.7.2659662


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