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Productivity of pearl millet pennisetum americanum l. leeke in korea



Productivity of pearl millet pennisetum americanum l. leeke in korea



Research Reports of the Rural Development Administration (Suweon) 30(1 UPLAND AND IND. CROPS): 29-34



Pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke) is one of the most important staple food crops in the semiarid tropics, and has been grown extensively as a forage crop in the United States of America. The crop also has been recognized as an important new forage crop of higher quality and yield in Korea since 1985. For the first time in 1985, 26 pearl millet germplasms introduced from Australia and ICRISAT in India were planted at Crop Experiment Stations, Suwon, Korea to determine the biological yield and quality for forage crop in Korea. In 1985 the pearl millet fresh fodder yield ranged from 64 tons to 154 tons per hectare being 107 tons per hectare in average of the 26 varieties tested in Suwon when cut once in early September. In 1986 a hybrid Suwon 1 was the best of the 13 hybrids tested throughout the country being 98 tons per hectare in average. The hybrid was possible to be cut three times a year. Its plant height was three to four meters when it was grown fully. Thus the hybrid was taller, leafier, tolerant to disease, and better and higher for quality and fresh fodder yield than corn and sorghum/sudan hybrids. In Suwon, Suwon 1 hybrid produced 147 tons per hectare when cut one time in mid-October, and 149 tons per hectare when cut three times in early July, early August and mid-October from the green plants sown in late April, 1986. Also, in 1987 Suwon 1 hybrid was the best of the 10 hybrids being 110 tones per hectare in average of 10 experimental sites over the country. A second was Suwon 6 being 107 tons per hectare in average, and the hybrid was more resistant to black streaked dwarf virus than Suwon 1. Fresh fodder yields of Suwon 6 were higher than Suwon 1 at Daegu and Jinju where the disease occurs severely every year. In 1986 grain yields of ICMH 82205 and MBH 146 were the highest and best of the 13 hybrids evaluated at the six experimental sites being 3.3 and 4.0 tons per hectare in average. The highest grain yields of the two hybrids were 5.3 tons at Muan and 5.8 tons at Jinju. In 1987 grain yield of ICMH 85409 was 4.1 tons per hectare being the highest of the 22 hybrids tested. A second was ICMH 82205 being 3.7 tons per hectare in Suwon, Korea.

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