Proximity relationships between sites on myosin and actin. Resonance energy transfer determination of the following distances, using a hybrid myosin: those between Cys-55 on the Mercenaria regulatory light chain, SH-1 on the Aequipecten myosin heavy chain, and Cys-374 of actin
Park, H.S.; Tao, T.; Chantler, P.D.
Biochemistry 30(13): 3189-3195
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960 PMID: 2009259 DOI: 10.1021/bi00227a005
Resonance energy transfer measurements have been made on hybrid myosins in order to map distances between sites on the regulatory light chain, heavy chain, and actin as well as to assess potential conformational changes of functional importance. Using scallop (Aequipecten) myosin hybrid molecules possessing clam (Mercenaraia) regulatory light chains, we have been able to map the distance between Cys-55 on the regulatory light chain and the fast-reacting thiol on the myosin heavy chain (SH-1). This distance is shown to be .apprx. 6.4 nm, and it is not altered by the presence or absence of Ca2+, MgATP, or actin. Experiments performed at low ionic strength on heavy meromyosin (HMM) derived from these hybrid myosins gave results similar to those performed on the soluble parent myosin preparations. The distances between Cys-374 on actin and each of above sites were also measured. Mercenaria regulatory light-chain Cys-55, within the hybrid myosin molecule, was found to be > 8.0 nm away from actin Cys-374. Scallop heavy-chain SH-1 is shown to be .apprx. 4.5 nm away from actin Cys-374, in broad agreement with earlier measurements made by others in nonregulatory myosins. The significance of our results is discussed with respect to putative conformational changes within the region of the heavy chain connecting SH-1 to the N-terminal region of the light chain.