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Relationship between milk consumption malabsorption and lactose intolerance in a school population



Relationship between milk consumption malabsorption and lactose intolerance in a school population



Clinica Dietologica 16(5): 221-228



One hundred and ninety six healthy school children (mean age 12,5 years) were studied by H2 breath test to assess the prevalence of lactose malabsorption in Emilia Romagna (North Italy). In addition, all subjects were interviewed by a dietician about milk drinking habits and milk intolerance symptoms. We found that milk and dairy products are largely consumed in our population, even if their current intake is not sufficient to assure an adequate calcium intake. Lactose malabsorbers were 37.5% of subjects, but only 18.4% experienced intolerance symptoms after milk ingestion (27.6% were lactose malabsorbers and 11.9% were lactose absorbers: p < 0.001). These results suggest that the population studied has an inadequate calcium intake and outline the importance of H2-Breath test as a screening tool for diagnosis of lactose malabsorbers, who represent a consistent subgroup of population that needs dietetic calcium supplements.

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Accession: 007739025

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