Role of protein kinase C in the regulation of glucose transport in the rat adipose cell. Translocation of glucose transporters without stimulation of glucose transport activity
Saltis, J.; Habberfield, A.D.; Egan, J.J.; Londos, C.; Simpson, I.A.; Cushman, S.W.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(1): 261-267
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258 PMID: 1985898 Accession: 007764109
The possible role of protein kinase C in the regulation of glucose transport in the rat adipose cell has been examined. Both insulin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulate 3-O-methylglucose transport in the intact cell ein association with the subcellular redistribution of glucose transporters from the low density microsomes to the plasma membranes, as assessed by cytochalasin B binding. In addition, the actions of insulin and PMA on glucose transport activity and glucose transporter redistribution are additive. Furthermore, PMA accelerates insulin's stimulation of glucose transport activity, reducing the t1/2 from 3.2 +/- 0.4 to 2.1 +/- 0.2 min (mean +/- S.E.). However, the effect of PMA on glucose transport activity is approximately 10% of that for insulin whereas its effect on glucose transporter redistribution is approximately 50% of the insulin response. Immunoblots of the GLUT1 and GLUT4 glucose transporter isoforms in subcellular membrane fractions also demonstrate that the translocations of GLUT1 in response to PMA and insulin are of similar magnitude whereas the translocation of GLUT4 in response to insulin is markedly greater than that in response to PMA. Thus, glucose transport activity in the intact cell with PMA and insulin correlates more closely with the appearance of GLUT4 in the plasma membrane than cytochalasin B-assayable glucose transporters. Although these data do not clarify the potential role of protein kinase C in the mechanism of insulin action, they do suggest that the mechanisms through which insulin and PMA stimulate glucose transport are distinct but interactive.