Selective blockade of angiotensin responses in the rabbit isolated vas deferens by angiotensin receptor antagonists
Trachte, G.J.; Ferrario, C.M.; Khosla, M.C.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 255(3): 929-934
We examined the effect of two angiotensin receptor antagonists on neuromodulatory and prostaglandin-producing effects of angiotensin II in the rabbit isolated vas deferens because prior studies have established that angiotensins selectively influence the two neural events, one being adrenergic and the other nonadrenergic. Angiotensin II increased adrenergic neurotransmission and prostaglandin E synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner while depressing nonadrenergic neurotransmission. The [1-Sarcosine, 8-Alanine]-angiotensin II preferentially antagonized adrenergic neuromodulatory effects of angiotensin II. In contrast, the nonadrenergic neuromodulatory and prostaglandin E-releasing effects of angiotensin II were suppressed by [1-Sarcosine, 8-Alanine]-angiotensin II to a lesser extent. The nonpeptide angiotensin receptor antagonist, Dupont 753 (2-n-butyl-4-chloro-5-hydroxymethyl-1-[2(1)-(1-H-tetrazol-5-yl) biphenyl-4-yl)methyl] imidazole, potassium salt, exhibited the opposite selectivity. It eliminated the depression of nonadrenergic neurotransmission without significantly altering the potentiation of adrenergic neurotransmission caused by angiotensin II. The angiotensin-induced stimulation of prostaglandin E synthesis was also eliminated by this antagonist. These data suggest that angiotensin effects in the vas deferens are mediated by at least two types of angiotensin receptors.