Selective pulmonary vasodilation by low dose infusion of atp in newborn lambs
Konduri, G.G.; Woodard, L.L.
Journal of Pediatrics 119(1 Part 1): 94-102
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3476 Accession: 007778156
The systemic and pulmonary vascular effects of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) were investigated in 12 newborn lambs during normoxia and during alveolar hypoxia (10% oxygen, 5% carbon dioxide, and 85% nitrogen). Lambs had catheters in the descending aorta, main pulmonary artery, and right and left atria, and a flow transducer around the main pulmonary artery, and were studied after a 3-day recovery. We infused ATP or an equal volume of saline solution (control) into the right atrial line in doses ranging from 0.01 to 2.5 .mu.mol/kg per minute. In normoxic lambs, ATP caused a significant decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance in doses of 0.08 to 2.5 .mu.mol/kg per minute, and in systemic vascular resistance in doses of 0.3 to 2.5 .mu.mol/kg per minute. Infusion of ATP in hypoxic lambs caused decreases in pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance in all the doses tested. Systemic vascular resistance decreased, and cardiac output and heart rate increased in doses greater than 0.3 .mu.mol/kg per minute in hypoxic lambs during ATP infusion. The effects of ATP in hypoxic lambs were not blocked by propranolol, indomethacin, or theophylline. Plasma ATP levels in left atrial blood samples did not change significantly during the infusion of ATP. We conclude that ATP is a vasodilator in lambs, and its effects are specific for pulmonary circulation at doses at .ltoreq. 0.15 .mu.mol/kg per minute. The vasodilator effects of ATP appear to be independent of P1 purinergic and .beta.-adrenergic mechanisms, and of prostacyclin synthesis.