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Serodiagnosis of canine herpesvirus infection development of an elisa and its comparison with two improved methods of serum neutralization test



Serodiagnosis of canine herpesvirus infection development of an elisa and its comparison with two improved methods of serum neutralization test



Japanese Journal of Veterinary Science 52(2): 241-250



An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of canine herpesvirus (CHV) infection using antigen prepared by solubilizing infected cells was developed. The ELISA and two improved methods of serum neutralization test, the microplate serum neutralization test (MSNT) with complement and the 50% plaque reduction (PR) assay with complement, were compared for the results of antibody detection from a total of 557 field canine sera. Of 529 sample sera that were negative in the MSNT with complement, 119 were ELISA positive, and this result together with time course of serum antibody detection in a dog experimentally infected with CHV strongly suggested that the MSNT with complement is less sensitive for the detection of antibody in CHV infected dogs, especially those in early stages of infection. A correlation was found between the titers measured by the ELISA and 50% PR assay with complement, however, for field use, the ELISA is recommended as a highly sensitive test method of serodiagnosis of CHV infection adequate for dealing with a large number of samples with less demand on time and effort.

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Accession: 007783736

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