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Seroprevalence of human and canine ehrlichiosis study in a military environment in north tunisia



Seroprevalence of human and canine ehrlichiosis study in a military environment in north tunisia



Medecine et Armees 19(4): 215-219



Ehrlichiosis is a canine pathology whose vector is a tick: Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Some human cases have been described since 1986 in the United States. In order better to invest the dimension of contamination between dog-human beings, the authors in the region of Bizerte in the 1989 carried out a study of the seroprevalence to Ehrlichia canis on 60 dogs in the tunisian army and the human population in contact with them (71 men). While 71.6% of the dogs were positive to Ehrlichia canis the men in contact where seronegative. Serology to Rickettsia conori was also established. Human and dog serum were positive respectively in 19.7, 9 and 63.3% of the cases. This results shows a contact with the vector tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus. The authors discuss the real pathogenecity for men of Ehrlichia canis and the possibilities of coinfection of the vector and of the existence of other vector ticks specially Amblyomma americanum.

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