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Somaclonal variation and resistance to verticillium wilt in lucerne medicago sativa l. plants regenerated from callus

Somaclonal variation and resistance to verticillium wilt in lucerne medicago sativa l. plants regenerated from callus

Plant Science 58(1): 111-120

Somaclonal variation in disease reaction type to infection by the vascular wilt pathogen Verticillium albo-atrum Reinke and Berth was assessed in a population of lucerne plants regenerated from callus lines obtained from a susceptible cultivar. Disease severity in the regenerant population was reduced by comparison with parental controls. Seed progeny and plants recovered via a second tissue culture cycle reverted to mainly susceptible reaction types. In a further experiment a low molecular weight toxic fraction from culture filtrates of the fungus was incorporated into the callus medium prior to regeneration. Toxin treatment reduced the regenerative capacity of callus, and there was little evidence for a higher frequency of wilt resistant plants in populations selected at low toxin concentrations. The results suggest that somaclonal variation as an alternative breeding strategy for disease resistance in lucerne offers no advantages over conventional recurrent selection.

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Accession: 007803407

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DOI: 10.1016/0168-9452(88)90160-4

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