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Species composition abundance and distribution of fishes in the bohai sea china



Species composition abundance and distribution of fishes in the bohai sea china



Marine Fisheries Research (Shandong) (9): 11-90



The materials used were collected monthly from April, 1982 to May, 1983 by trawling in this region. The important species in the Bohai Sea are Setipinna taty, Collichthys niveatus, Engraulis japonicus, Raja porosa, Pseudosciaena polyactis, Lateolabrax japonicus, Enchelyopus elongatus, Scomberomorus niphonius, Cynoglossus joyneri, Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae, Stromateoides argenteus, Collichthys lucidus, Paralichthys olivaceus, Coilia mystus, Harengula zunasi, etc. The indices of similarity of species composition between the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea are 49.8% while those between the Bohai Sea and the East China Sea are 19.9%. There is no specific species in the Bohai Sea. This paper describes the quantity, distribution, reproduction, predation, growth and standard length composition of more than 20 species of fishes. On the basis of commercial importance and biological characteristics, the main species of fishes which may be regarded as candidates for artificial releasing and resource enhancement are P. yokohamae, Cynoglossus semilaevis, Liza soiuy, P. olivaceus in the Bohai Sea.

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