+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Spectrophotometric method of quantifying adult cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) feces

Spectrophotometric method of quantifying adult cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) feces

Journal of Medical Entomology 29(2): 221-225

Cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouché), feces are an essential part of larval nutrition under natural conditions. The mass values of adult flea feces can be measured by dissolving samples of flea feces in Drabkin's reagent, filtering, centrifuging, and measuring absorbance spectrophotometrically at 540 nm. Either flea feces or air-dried host blood can be used to generate the standard curve used to convert absorbance (optical density) values into mass values. Debris collected from flea-infested house cats averaged 23.02 mg debris per cat per h with an average of 10.41 mg flea feces per cat per h. Flea feces deposited in the environment serve as potential larval food. Adult flea feces comprised an average of 44.28% of the debris deposited from infested domestic house cats in this study.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 007811528

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1495033

DOI: 10.1093/jmedent/29.2.221

Related references

Activity of insecticides against the preemerged adult cat flea in the cocoon (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 26(4): 301-305, 1989

Comparisons of cat flea siphonaptera pulicidae adult and larval insecticide susceptibility. Florida Entomologist 71(3): 359-363, 1988

Effect of larval diet on cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) developmental times and adult emergence. Journal of Economic Entomology 84(4): 1257-1261, 1991

Adult cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) excretion of host blood proteins in relation to larval nutrition. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(2): 265-271, 1994

A mass-rearing method for the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) on mice. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 46(2): 61-65, 2002

Topical application as a method for comparing the effectiveness of insecticides against cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 38(2): 193-196, 2001

Effect of colours on the kinetic orientation of the adult flea Xenopsylla cheopis and Pulex irritans. (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of the Egyptian German Society of Zoology. April; 11(D): 65-76, 1993

Extended longevity of the pre-emerged adult cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) and factors stimulating emergence from the pupal cocoon. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 786: 763-768, 1985

Cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) cocoon formation and development of naked flea pupae. Journal of Medical Entomology 31(2): 272-277, 1994

The effects of flea egg consumption on larval cat flea (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) development. Journal of Vector Ecology 25(1): 98-101, 2000

The rabbit flea (Spilopsyllus cuniculi (Dale)) in Denmark. The biology of the flea (Siphonaptera, Pulicidae) is surveyed. Entomologiske meddelelser6(2): 95-96, 1978

Fecundity and longevity of the adult cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 216: 727-731, 1984